Актуальные вопросы тюркологических исследований

Актуальные вопросы тюркологических исследований 492 Adalet Ablajan* Current Uzbek as spoken in the People’s Republic of China* Introduction The topic of this paper is the current situation of Uzbek language as spoken in China. Compare to other Turkic languages, such as Uyghur, Kazak and Kirgiz, Uzbek language can be considered as an endangered language in the territory of China [2. P. 16]. We will illustrate the linguistic situation of Uzbek language by analyzing two texts as examples. The data to be presented has been collected during the field work which has been carried out in order to document the current Uzbek language in China in 2010 and 2011. In the end, we will discuss the linguistic features of the texts and draw a conclusion. Uzbeks in China Uzbek is considered as one of under-populated ethnic groups in China. According to the most recent census published by National Bureau of Statistics of China in 2010, the population of Uzbek was 10569. Uzbek in China live in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). In the north part of XUAR, they mainly live in Ghulja city, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Tacheng Prefecture and Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, while in the south Uzbeks mainly live in Kashgar Prefecture, such as Yarkend, Qarghalik counties. In terms of population distribution, Uzbeks inhabit in the cities, only a small number of them live in county-side or pasturing areas. In the cities, Uzbeks generally live with Uyghur and Chinese people, in the pasturing area with Kazaks. Danangou Uzbek village in Mori Kazak Autonomous County, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, was founded in 1987, is the only one officially recognized Uzbek ethnic village in China. Uzbek Research in China Studies on Uzbek in China started following the founding of China. In particular, between the year 1956 and 1958, a Minorities’ Language Survey of China and Minorities’ Social History Survey of China carried out nationwide. * Post-doctor researcher in Minzu University of China. ** This research is supported by Erasmus Mundus Experts III programme of the European Union and China Post-doctor project ‘Language and Culture Studies on Uzbeks in China’.