493 Actual Problems of Turkic Studies Based on the results of the survey, ‘ A Comprehensive Description of Uzbek Lan- guage ’ (wu zi bie ke yu jian zhi) was written by Cheng Shiliang and Abudure- heman, in 1987. It presented a general description of Uzbek language grammar in a traditional way.This is the only handbook which is on Uzbek language in China up to now. In 2008, A Short History of Uzbek (wu zi bie ke zu jian shi) was published. It discusses Uzbeks in China from a historical perspective. These are the two representative works of Uzbek research. In recent years, along with the national planning for minority ethnic groups, Uzbeks caught a special atten- tion from the scholars. Research have been done in terms of name and origin of Uzbek , its social history [21, 16, 19], art and culture , wedlock and custom [12, 10], population constitution [9, 4], and current language use , etc. More studies are introduced by Xiong Kunxin and Zhang Shaoyun (2009). Uzbek Language and Orthography The Uzbek in China speak different languages in different habitant areas. In most of the places in Xinjiang, Uzbeks speak Uyghur language. In Mori Kazak Autonomous County, Uzbeks speak Kazak language. Only a small number of Uzbeks who live in Uyghur dominated area are able to speak in Uzbek, it is hardly find someone who speaks Uzbek in Kazak speaking area [2. P. 116]. The orthography is different in and outside of China. New Latin based al- phabet for the Uzbek language is introduced by law in Uzbekistan since Sep- tember 2, 1993 [6. P. 28]. Cyrillic based alphabets were used before that. In China, Uzbeks use Arabic based alphabet for the Uzbek language, as it is used for Uyghur. This is most probably followed with Chagatay tradition. Currently, there is no official publication in Uzbek. However, Uzbek people have preserved some books, such as novel, stories, journals, in order to learn their mother tongue. These books are published in the Central Asian countries, mainly in Uzbekistan. Those books are in either Latin or Cyrillic. Education of Uzbeks Uzbeks have a tradition in developing their own education. This is because majority of the population live in cities, they possess favorable condition in ed- ucation development. Thus, Uzbeks had an earlier literary education compare to other ethnic groups in China. It is one of the ethnic groups which has a high level of education [4. P. 53]. A formal Uzbek Nämunä Mäktäp in Ghulja city, Ili prefecture, celebrated its 100 th anniversary in 2006. This is the only one Uzbek school in XUAR. The Uzbek, Uyghur, Kazak students in that school were edu- cated in Uzbek language using the textbooks from Former Soviet Union. It is now the No. 5 High School which is a Uyghur-Chinese bilingual school. There is no Uzbek school in China due to its small number of populations.