Языки и литературы тюркских народов

3 A. Ablajan Uzbek Variety as Spoken in China Uzbek is considered as one of under-populated ethnic groups in China. According to the most recent census published by National Bu- reau of Statistics of China in 2010, the population of Uzbek was 10569. Uzbek in China live in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). In the north part of XUAR, they mainly live in Ghulja city, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Tacheng Prefecture and Changji Hui Autono- mous Prefecture, while in the south Uzbeks mainly live in Kashgar Prefecture, such as Yarkend, Qarghalik counties. In terms of popula- tion distribution, Uzbeks inhabit in the cities, only a small number of them live in county-side or pasturing areas. In the cities, Uzbeks gener- ally live with Uyghur and Chinese people, in the pasturing area with Kazaks. Danangou Uzbek village in Mori Kazak Autonomous Prefec- ture, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, was founded in 1987, is the only one officially recognized Uzbek ethnic village in China. In this paper, Uzbek language spoken in China is presented, two texts collected from the fieldwork are analyzed. The first text is spoken by an old Uzbek speaker about Uzbek and Uzbek language situation in Xinjiang, China. The second text is a personal experience of a speaker. Though Uzbek language is not used in their daily life, the elements of Uzbek language still remained. Uyghur language influences are found in the texts, Chinese is used only for the name of the places. Linguistic analysis and discussions on the texts show that the Uzbek language spoken in China is very much close to Uyghur in terms of vocabulary and morphology. Speakers tend to pick up the common features shared by both Uzbek and Uyghur languages, and use it when it is needed, such as communicating with relatives or business partners who are fromUzbekistan. One may easily think that they are in Uyghur, unless paying close observation to the elements of Uzbek. However, it is still hard to state that the language spoken in the texts is Uzbek or Uyghur. The texts discussed in this paper lead to the conclusion that when two