Языки и литературы тюркских народов

49 riage, were began to be seen in Bosnian culture. Moreover, Bosnian Muslims have not forgetten their old cultural values completely. Whi- le becoming richer with Islamic and Turkish culture, Bosnian folklore retained its Slavic character also. Bosnian dialect continued its func- tion both in written and spoken language. Especially in Bosnian folk music and dances pre-Islamic structures were retained. In Bosnian folklore, Islamic-Turkish culture and the cultures of South Western Slavic communities created a synthesis. A characteristic example of this is Sevdalinka (songs). As an example of anonymous folk litera- ture, in Sevdalinkas while the old sound and musical elements have been retained, in content a strong influence of Islamic and Turkish culture is visible. A. Jumaturdu A general survey on Epic Manas study in China Today the Kirghiz Manas is one of the selebrated heroic epic in th eworld. At the turn point of the new millennium it was appointed a UNESCO "Masterpiece in the Oral and Intangible Heritage of huma- nity" signaling its globle significance. In China, with the thorough fieldwork carried out since late 1950s, scholars found tens of epic singers (manaschï) in parts of Kirghiz regi- on in Xinjiang and recorded their variants of epic Manas. As a matter of fact, their artistic oral creative talent and epic performing level are different. 95 years old Jüsüp Mamay, undoubtedly, is the grea- test and world famous manaschï, nowadays. Jusup Mamay was born in April 1918 Qoŋur-ölöŋ in the Qara-bulak town Akchi county, in Kizil-suu, the Kirghiz autonomous prefecture of Xinjiang. His version consists sight parts (or branches) of the epic Manas, and his version continue the epic into eight generations, Manas, Semetey, Seytek, Ke- nenim, Seyt, Asilbacha-Bekbacha, Sombilek and Qigtey, but the two great manaschis from Kyrgyzstan, Saginbay Orozbak (1867–1930) and Sayakbai Karalaev(1894–1971), their versions consist only first three parts. The Manas version written down from Jusup Mamay is as long as 232,600 poetic lines and include the story of eight genera-